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Discuss About The Case Study Method

The case study approach - NCBI - NIH

Discuss About The Case Study Method

These can, for example, help to understand and explain causal links and pathways resulting from a new policy initiative or service development (see tables. The case study handbook how to read, write, and discuss persuasively about cases qualitative case study methodology study design and implementation for novice researchers kyburz-graber, regula (2004). They may establish, strengthen or weaken historical explanations of a case and, in certain circumstances, allow theoretical (as opposed to statistical) generalisation beyond the particular cases studied.

A theory driven approach to defining the case may help generate knowledge that is potentially transferable to a range of clinical contexts and behaviours using theory is also likely to result in a more informed appreciation of, for example, for example, in our evaluation of the introduction of electronic health records in english hospitals (table ), we defined our cases as the nhs trusts that were receiving the new technology. Implementing workforce reconfiguration was strongly influenced by the negotiation and contest among local clinicians and managers about ownership of work and income. There are three major types of case studies common to public relations linear, process-oriented and grounded.

This work was conducted in the early stages of a major nhs reorganisation in england and wales and thus, events are likely to have continued to evolve beyond the study period we therefore cannot claim to have seen any of the stories through to their conclusion. Positivist, single case study research in information systems a critical analysis. The organisations have to choose one of the available techniques so that they can thoroughly conduct their investigations.

In case studies, it is helpful to analyse data relating to the individual component cases first, before making comparisons across cases. Some ways can be used to come up with the purpose of study that is most appropriate. Presenting detailed critiques, typically of one or more patients, aims to provide insights into aspects of the clinical case and, in doing so, illustrate broader lessons that may be learnt.

Galileos view continued to be subjected to doubt, however, and the aristotelian view was not finally rejected until half a century later, with the invention of the air pump. A case study can be defined in a variety of ways (table ), the central tenet being the need to explore an event or phenomenon in depth and in its natural context. The only way to avoid the contradiction was to eliminate weight as a determinant factor for acceleration in free fall.

Theoretical frameworks may also play an important role in integrating different sources of data and examining emerging themes. Recognising the importance of full access and co-operative working for generating rich data, the research team decided not to pursue work at that site and instead to focus on other recruited sites. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. It is thus possible to take many routes through this typology, with, for example, an exploratory, theory-building, multiple, nested study, or an evaluative, theory-testing, single, retrospective study. One approach encourages researchers to compare horizontally, vertically, and temporally.


Case study - Wikipedia


Case studies can be produced by following a formal research method. ... Case studies should not be confused with qualitative research and they can be based on any mix of quantitative and qualitative evidence.Single-subject research provides the statistica

Discuss About The Case Study Method

Case Study Method - Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching
This module describes the case study method of descriptive research and its uses. .... and detailed discussion regarding the types of case study methods, data  ...
Discuss About The Case Study Method Under the more generalized category of case study exist several subdivisions, each of which is custom selected for use depending upon the goals of the investigator, A theory driven approach to defining the case may help generate knowledge that is potentially transferable to a range of clinical contexts and behaviours using theory is also likely to result in a more informed appreciation of. Case studies can be produced by following a formal research method. The subject is the practical, historical unity through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed. The authors reported how this case study approach provided a number of contextual factors likely to influence the effectiveness of the intervention and which were not likely to have been obtained from quantitative methods alone. It is also important to consider in advance the likely burden and risks associated with participation for those who (or the site(s) which) comprise the case study. It should therefore be considered when an experimental design is either inappropriate to answer the research questions posed or impossible to undertake. Nhs initiatives included, for example, a hand washing initiative or introduction of infection control measures.
  • Case Study Method in Psychology | Simply Psychology


    When reporting findings, it is important to provide the reader with enough contextual information to understand the processes that were followed and how the conclusions were reached. However, critics might argue that selecting cases in this way is insufficiently reflexive and ill-suited to the complexities of contemporary healthcare organisations. For example, in order to gain an understanding of doctors responses to health policy initiatives, som undertook an case study interviewing clinicians who had a range of responsibilities for clinical governance in one nhs acute hospital trust. Positivist, single case study research in information systems a critical analysis. We chose a mixture of teaching, non-teaching and foundation trust hospitals, and examples of each of the three electronic health record systems procured centrally by the npfit.

    Galileos view continued to be subjected to doubt, however, and the aristotelian view was not finally rejected until half a century later, with the invention of the air pump. Often difficult to explain unintended consequences and for neglecting surrounding historical contexts involves establishing which variables one wishes to study in advance and seeing whether they fit in with the findings. Case studies may involve both qualitative and quantitative research methods. Care must be taken to ensure the anonymity of both case sites and individual participants (if agreed in advance) by allocating appropriate codes or withholding descriptors. The curriculum and organisational documents collected differed between sites, which possibly reflected gatekeeper influences at each site.

    Resource issues and peer pressure were found to influence safe practice. Policy and management views of patient safety and influences on patient safety education and practice. Nhs initiatives included, for example, a hand washing initiative or introduction of infection control measures. It should therefore be considered when an experimental design is either inappropriate to answer the research questions posed or impossible to undertake. These methods mainly depended on the amount of cash the organisation is willing to spend in having this market research done and also the kind of data that is required by the group. Similarly, teaching case studies have become increasingly popular in science education. A case selection that is based on representativeness will seldom be able to produce these kinds of insights. A critical case allows the following type of generalization if it is valid for this case, it is valid for all (or many) cases. This method is useful for answering cause and effect questions. We would also like to thank the expert reviewers for their insightful and constructive feedback.

    Case Study Method. Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. observations & interviews).

    The case study method

    Research method originated in clinical medicine (the case history, i.e. the patient's ... The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or.
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    This, therefore, calls for the different methods which can be used in a situation where one wants to conduct a marketing research. Teaching case studies need not adhere strictly to the use of evidence, as they can be manipulated to satisfy educational needs. A theory driven approach to defining the case may help generate knowledge that is potentially transferable to a range of clinical contexts and behaviours using theory is also likely to result in a more informed appreciation of, for example, for example, in our evaluation of the introduction of electronic health records in english hospitals (table ), we defined our cases as the nhs trusts that were receiving the new technology. In a collective case study, researchers may choose to present the findings from individual cases separately before amalgamating across cases Buy now Discuss About The Case Study Method

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    The case study handbook how to read, write, and discuss persuasively about cases qualitative case study methodology study design and implementation for novice researchers kyburz-graber, regula (2004). Rather, it was a matter of a single experiment, that is, a case study. When used in (non-business) education and professional development, case studies are often referred to as exemplifies a type of case study, commonly found in communication case studies. It is thus possible to take many routes through this typology, with, for example, an exploratory, theory-building, multiple, nested study, or an evaluative, theory-testing, single, retrospective study. Example of a case study investigating the introduction of the electronic health records healthcare systems globally are moving from paper-based record systems to electronic health record systems Discuss About The Case Study Method Buy now

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    These stereotypes centred on issues to do with, amongst others, language barriers and lack of altruism. In-depth interviews were conducted with asthma researchers from the uk and us. The object is that theoretical focus the analytical frame. The need for quality criteria for sound case-study research, as illustrated by a recent case in secondary and higher education. Seeking potential, alternative explanations, and being explicit about how interpretations and conclusions were reached, help readers to judge the trustworthiness of the case study report.

    At one recruited site, it quickly became apparent that access was problematic because of competing demands on that organisation. The main method of ethnographic research is thorough observation, where the researcher observes study participants over an extended period of time within the participants own environment Buy Discuss About The Case Study Method at a discount

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    This method is useful for answering cause and effect questions. Netuveli g, hurwitz b, levy m, fletcher m, barnes g, durham sr, sheikh a. Example of a case study investigating the process of planning and implementing a service in primary care organisations health work forces globally are needing to reorganise and reconfigure in order to meet the challenges posed by the increased numbers of people living with long-term conditions in an efficient and sustainable manner. In-depth interviews were conducted with asthma researchers from the uk and us. Making sense and offering a coherent interpretation of the typically disparate sources of data (whether qualitative alone or together with quantitative) is far from straightforward Buy Online Discuss About The Case Study Method

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    Patient safety materials were incorporated into both formal and informal curricula, albeit largely implicit rather than explicit. The need for quality criteria for sound case-study research, as illustrated by a recent case in secondary and higher education. Our study of patient safety in undergraduate curricula drew on an evaluation-based approach to design and analysis, which emphasised the importance of the academic, organisational and practice contexts through which students learn (table case study findings can have implications both for theory development and theory testing. Galileos experimentalism did not involve a large random sample of trials of objects falling from a wide range of randomly selected heights under varying wind conditions, and so on Buy Discuss About The Case Study Method Online at a discount

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    Multiple-case design of respiratory services in health regions in england and wales. Nhs policies included, for example, implementation of the national patient safety agencys , which encourages organisations to develop an organisational safety culture in which staff members feel comfortable identifying dangers and reporting hazards. The generalizations from teaching case studies also may relate to pedagogical issues rather than the substance of the case being studied. This, therefore, calls for the different methods which can be used in a situation where one wants to conduct a marketing research. The case study approach is particularly useful to employ when there is a need to obtain an in-depth appreciation of an issue, event or phenomenon of interest, in its natural real-life context Discuss About The Case Study Method For Sale

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    Variations were also found to exist in students experiences and the quality of the supervision available. Some of the primary methods that would be used included interviews, surveys, focus groups, observations and in some cases use field trials. The decision on how to select the case(s) to study is a very important one that merits some reflection. The case study involves studying multiple cases simultaneously or sequentially in an attempt to generate a still broader appreciation of a particular issue. We were unable to access details of the contracts between government departments and the local service providers responsible for delivering and implementing the software systems.

    Teaching case studies have been a highly popular pedagogical format in many fields ranging from business education to science education For Sale Discuss About The Case Study Method

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    This, in turn, made it difficult to develop a holistic understanding of some key issues impacting on the overall slow roll-out of the nhs care record service. Semi-structured interviews, documentary data and field notes, observations and quantitative data. It is also important to consider in advance the likely burden and risks associated with participation for those who (or the site(s) which) comprise the case study. Resource issues and peer pressure were found to influence safe practice. Improved clinical effectiveness through behavioural research group (iceberg) designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions.

    Whilst such a schema can be conceptually helpful, it may be appropriate to draw on more than one approach in any case study, particularly in the context of conducting health services research Sale Discuss About The Case Study Method

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